What Are Stem Cells and Why Are They Important?

Over the last few decades, stem cells have become the subject of many studies and research. These cells have also been incorporated into several innovative treatment protocols in the field of regenerative medicine, also known as stem cell therapy.

However, many patients are still learning about this new alternative option about what stem cells are or why they may be important to the future of medicine.

What Are Stem Cells?

Stem cells are a very unique type of cell. These cells have the ability to differentiate into a variety of other cells. They can accelerate the body’s natural healing capabilities by repairing damaged tissue and reducing inflammation.

In a therapeutic setting, medical professionals utilize MSCs or mesenchymal stem cells. These MSCs can be harvested from one autologous or allogeneic tissues. They can be collected from bone marrow aspirate, adipose tissue, or umbilical cords (Wharton’s Jelly).

While stem cells are still being studied, they have the potential to aid in the treatment of several debilitating conditions. The clinical applications of MSCs are outlined in greater detail below.

Why Are Stem Cells Essential to Humans?

Stem cells are essential to living organisms, including humans, for a variety of reasons. These cells are the raw material that transforms into the cells that make up vital organs such as the brain, heart, lungs, etc. Stem cells are present in certain adult tissues, such as bone marrow, and these “repairing” cell systems have the ability to replace other cells (brain cells or blood cells, or muscle cells, for example) as they are lost or damaged over time.

As a person ages, stem cell production in their body declines. As a result, the human body becomes less capable of healing itself naturally later in life. This phenomenon is one of the key factors that is encouraging additional stem cell therapy research.

While the overall efficacy of stem cell therapy is still undergoing testing and analysis, some patients have reported positive results from this intervention when it is used to treat age-related conditions such as osteoarthritis.

Clinical Application of Stem Cells

Stem cell therapy is already being used for a multitude of clinical interventions. It is being given to patients who suffer from ailments like Alzheimer’s Disease, ALS, Rheumatoid Arthritis, and others. Stem cell therapy can be used in conjunction with traditional treatment options or as an alternative to invasive interventions, such as surgery.

This post was written by a medical professional at Stemedix Inc. At Stemedix we provide access to Regenerative Medicine. Regenerative medicine has the natural potential to help improve symptoms sometimes lost from the progression of many conditions.